English Grammatical Terms

 

Letter A


  • Abbreviation – A shortened or contracted form of a word or phrase, used to represent the whole – by utilizing the omission of certain letters – and sometimes – by the substitution of letters, or duplication of the initial letters of a word in order to signify plurality.  Abbreviation also including signs such as, +, =, @, and many many more. –  Read The Full Post Here
  • Absolute Modifier – A modifier which is non-gradable.  Therefore can not be further modified by words like: very, so, completely, etc..
  • Absolute Phrase – Any phrase which contains both a noun and a participle and may also contain a modifier and/or an object.
  • Academic QuestionAn academic question is one that is about something in particular, but has no practical value other than to test one’s knowledge about some “thing”…  in other words, the types of questions that one would find on a test or in an academic exercise.
  • Accent – The word accent has a few meaning in relation to grammar and language.  It can refer to 1)  they particular character of a person’s speech, relative the the place or culture in-which the person was born or lives 2)  a form of punctuation used to change the sound of a word (not Used in English expect for in phonetics) 3) as another way to refer to the “stress” on the pronunciation of a word.
  • Accented Syllable – A syllable within a word which receives more accent than the others.
  • Acronym – A type of abbreviation which is made up of the capitalized first letters of a phrase, or sentence, or multiple word name – (Such As:  NASA)
  • Action Verb – A verb which represents “action” rather than a state of being.  (See Also:  Dynamic Verb)
  • Active Verb –  A verb which has a subject which is performing the action of the verb.
  • Active Voice – The form of the verb used when the subject of the sentence or phrase is the one “doing the action” or causing the situation.
  • Adjectival Noun – A noun which is made by adding the definite article in front a adjective to represent an entire group which possesses that quality (The Young, The Rich, The Beautiful.)
  • Adjective – In traditional English instruction, an Adjective is one of what are referred to as the “Parts Of Speech”, and – in The Common Tongue is referred to as a “Grammatical Unit”.  This is a word which describes a thing – to indicate the qualitative and/or quantitative conditions of that thing. –  Read The Full Post Here
  • Adjective Clause – A clause in a sentence which functions as an adjective to modify the noun or noun clause – (rather than a single adjective.)
  • Adjunct – A type of adverbial which adds extra information, but is not necessary to the sentence.
  • AdverbIn traditional English instruction, an Adverb is one of what are referred to as the “Parts Of Speech”, and – in The Common Tongue is referred to as a “Grammatical Unit”.  This is a word which “Adds” information to a “Verb” – to describe how the action of a verb was done.  They can also modify an adjective or another adverb.
  • Adverb Clause – A clause which functions as an adverb rather than a single adverb alone.
  • AdverbialAn adverb, phrase, or clause which functions as an adverb.
  • Affirmative – A word, phrase, or sentence that states something which “is” or which expresses agreement in some way.  (See Also: Negative)
  • Affix – This is anything which is added to a word which changes its form, meaning, condition, or tense – such as:  prefixes, suffixes, and plural, past-tense,  or continuous-tense endings. – (-s, -ed, -ing)
  • Agent – The “person” or thing in an active sentence who is doing the action or causing.
  • AgreementThis is the term for when the Grammatical Units of a sentence, clause, or phrase, are in the correct form to be in proper relation with each other in order to function properly as a Grammatical Structure.  And in the language of traditional English instruction, when the word forms are grammatically correct for whatever tense they are in.  For example, if the adjective indicates more than one of the noun which it is modifying then the noun must be in its plural form for there to be “agreement”.
  • Allomorph – [linguistics] A variant form of a morpheme – a unit of a word which can change in sound but retains the same meaing – (such as the -ed ending)
  • Allophone – [phonology] One of multiple possible sounds for an individual phoneme (or letter.)
  • Alphabet – A system/set of picto-graphic symbols ( called, “Letters”) which represent one or multiple sounds for that symbol.
  • Ambi-Transitive VerbThis is the term for verbs which can be both transitive AND in-transitive without changing its form.
  • Animate Noun – This is the term for the type of noun which is referring to any form of living being, rather than a noun referring to an “inanimate” – non-living noun.
  • Antecedent – The word for which a pronoun represents.
  • Antonym – A word which represent something “opposite” or “close to the opposite” of another.
  • ApostropheAn apostrophe is a form of punctuation which is used to contract words or show possession, it is also used as was of adding quotation marks which are within a larger quotation.  In the word, “It’s” the apostrophe is in-between the “t” and the “s”.
  • Appositive Statement – A statement added to a sentence – usually off-set by commas – which adds more information about a subject or object, but is not necessary for the completion of the sentence.
  • Article – The three adjectives: An, and The – which are added to a noun to make it definite or indefinite.
  • Auxiliary Verb – A verb which is added as an “auxiliary” to another verb to form the tense or condition of the sentence.

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See Also:

The Letter A,a – (The English Alphabet)

&

Letter A,a – Pronunciation Guide

 

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