English Grammatical Terms
- Capitalize – To “Capitalize” means: To put a Letter into it’s “Capital” or “Upper-Case” form. Such as: A, B, C — as opposed to: a, b, c
- Capital Letter — A “Capital” Letter is one which is in what is also called its “Upper-Case” form… as described above.
- Cliche — (See: Lexical Terms – Cliche)
- Common Noun — A Common Noun is a type of Noun which names a certain “class” of things. Those which have many individual things with-in that same group. Examples: Chair, Car, Boat, Person, — As Opposed To: Rocking Chair, Audi, Sail Boat, Bob
- Comparative — (Also Known As the “Comparative Degree”) — The form of an Adjective which ends with the “-er” Suffix or is modified with the word “more” — as a way of “Comparing” it to one or more other things.
- Complement — The Root-Word of the Word “Complement” is the Word “Complete”. With the suffix “-ment” added to it. It is a word which gives “complete”-ness to another. It’s use in grammar is to refer-to a word that follows a verb and “Completes” the meaning of the sentence or verb-phrase.
- Complex-Compound Sentence — A Complex-Compound Sentence (sometimes mistakenly referred to as a “Compound-Complex Sentence”) is a sentence with two “main” clauses and at-least one subordinate. It is composed-of a Compound-Sentence and a Complex Sentence. There-fore the Complex Sentence, added to the Compound Sentence, makes it Complex (rather than the other-way-around.)
- Complex Sentence — A Complex Sentence is composed-of one Main Clause, and at-least one Subordinate Clause.
- Compound Sentence — A Compound Sentence is composed-of two or more Independent Clauses, and is formed with the use of a Conjunction and/or Punctuation used to differentiate between the Clauses.
- Compound Subject — The term “Compound Subject” is used to refer to a situation where-in more than one subject is acting upon the same Predicate.
- Compound Verb Phrase — A Compound Verb-Phrase is one where-in a Predicate contains more than one Verb which refers to a different Actions or States Of “Be”-ing.
- Compound Modifier — This Term refers to the situation where-in two or more Adjectives or Adverbs are modifying the same Word or Phrase, and may be joined with Punctuation and/or Conjunctions.
- Compound Sentence — A Compound Sentence is one which is composed-of two or more Independent Clauses — but has no Subordinate (which would make it “Complex”.)
- Compound-Word — This is the Term which refers-to other Terms which are composed-of two distinct Words combined in-order-to refer-to one single thing. Such as: “Duct-Tape”, “Keyboard”, “Dip-Stick”, “Motorcycle”, etc.. — Notice, also, that the Compound Word can either be one single word or a hyphenated compound of two separate words.
- Conjunction — A Conjunction is a Word or Phrase which is used to join two other: Words, Phrases, or Clauses — together. Such as: “and”, “but”, “for”, “nor”, “or”, “so”, “yet”, etc..
- Conjunctive Adverb — This is an Adverb which functions as a Conjunction with-in a Sentence — and is usually used to show: Comparison, Contrast, Cause & Effect, Sequential Events, etc.. They are, normally, found in-between Independent Clauses. — Examples are: “accordingly”, “besides”, “consequently”, “finally”, “further-more”, “however”, “more-over”, “never-the-less”, “there-fore”, etc..
- Consonant — A Consonant is any Letter with-in The Alphabet that is NOT a Vowel — b, c, d, etc.. How-ever, the Letter “Y” can act as both a Consonant AND a Vowel.
- Contraction — This Term refers-to the situation where-in a common Phrase is shortened by removing letters and combining the words with an apostrophe or by (improper) spelling. Such as: do not > “don’t” — “I will” > “I’ll”, or The Worst Mistake In The English Language: It Is > It’s — This usually happens as a result of people “shortening” their speech. Then as it becomes more common, an new “word” is developed. Such as: “Going to…” > “Gonna” — “Got to…” > “Gotta”
- Coordinating Adjectives — A Coordinating Adjective is one which is composed-of two Adjectives describing the same thing, which are necessary as a pair, as — if one were eliminated, the meaning would change. Coordinating Adjectives should always be joined-with a hyphen (even though many people do not… this simply shows poor style and grammatical comprehension.) Example: “Well-Known”, “Very-Well”, etc..
- Coordinating Conjunction — This is the most-common type of Conjunction, and is used to join similar things together. The Most Common Example: “And”
- Correlative Conjunction — These Conjunctions also join things together, but act in pairs for the sake of comparison of things or ideas. The used of one of the pairs with-out it’s complement may be common, but it represents poor style. Examples: “either”/”or”; “neither”/”nor”; “both”/”and”; “whether”/”or…”, “not”/“but”; and “not only…”/“but also…”
- Countable Noun — A Noun which represents something which can be “counted”; which — in the plural form — increases in number, rather than quantity (size / mass). —
- Cumulative Adjective — This is a type of Coordinating Adjective which must be made with the Adjectives in a specific order. And where-in, if the order would change, it would either — not make-sense, or the meaning would change. As in the terms “Compound-Complex Sentence” as opposed to “Complex-Compound Sentence”… The first word always modifies the second. This also applies to Adjectival-Phrases as-well. So one who has recently discovered GiveMeSomeEnglish!!!, might refer to his previous teachers as… “My intellectually-inadequate, former English teacher…”. However, if the word-order were changed — it would not make any sense… “My English intellectually-inadequate former teacher…” This would imply that the “teacher” is from “England”, and is teaching the “intellectually-inadequate” style of something called “former” — rather than a “former” “teacher” of “English” who happened to be “intellectually-inadequate”.
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