English Grammatical Terms


Letter C


  • Capitalize – To “Capitalize” means:  To put a Letter into it’s “Capital” or “Upper-Case” form.  Such as: ABC — as opposed to: abc


  • Capital Letter — A “Capital” Letter is one which is in what is also called its “Upper-Case” form…  as described above.


  • Case — The form of a word which shows it’s relationship to other words in the sentence.




  • Common Noun — A Common Noun is a type of Noun which names a certain “class” of things.  Those which have many individual things with-in that same group.  Examples:  Chair, Car, Boat, Person, — As Opposed To:  Rocking Chair, Audi, Sail Boat, Bob


  • Comparative — (Also Known As the Comparative Degree”) — The form of an Adjective which ends with the “-er” Suffix or is modified with the word “more” — as a way of “Comparing” it to one or more other things.


  • Complement — The Root-Word of the Word “Complement” is the Word “Complete”.  With the suffix-ment” added to it.  It is a word which gives “complete”-ness to another.  It’s use in grammar is to refer-to a word that follows a verb and “Completes” the meaning of the sentence or verb-phrase.


  • Complex-Compound Sentence — A Complex-Compound Sentence (sometimes mistakenly referred to as a “Compound-Complex Sentence) is a sentence with two “main” clauses and at-least one subordinate.  It is composed-of a Compound-Sentence and a Complex Sentence.  There-fore the Complex Sentence, added to the Compound Sentence, makes it Complex (rather than the other-way-around.)



  • Compound Sentence — A Compound Sentence is composed-of two or more Independent Clauses, and is formed with the use of a Conjunction and/or Punctuation used to differentiate between the Clauses.


  • Compound Subject — The term “Compound Subject is used to refer to a situation where-in more than one subject is acting upon the same Predicate.


  • Compound Verb Phrase — A Compound Verb-Phrase is one where-in a Predicate contains more than one Verb which refers to a different Actions or States Of “Be”-ing.


  • Compound Modifier — This Term refers to the situation where-in two or more Adjectives or Adverbs are modifying the same Word or Phrase, and may be joined with Punctuation and/or Conjunctions.


  • Compound Sentence — A Compound Sentence is one which is composed-of two or more Independent Clauses — but has no Subordinate (which would make it “Complex”.)


  • Compound-Word — This is the Term which refers-to other Terms which are composed-of two distinct Words combined in-order-to refer-to one single thing.  Such as:  “Duct-Tape”, “Keyboard”, “Dip-Stick”, “Motorcycle”, etc.. — Notice, also, that the Compound Word can either be one single word or a hyphenated compound of two separate words.


  • Conjunction — A Conjunction is a Word or Phrase which is used to join two other: Words, Phrases, or Clauses — together.  Such as:  “and”, “but”, “for”, “nor”, “or”, “so”, “yet”, etc..


  • Conjunctive Adverb — This is an Adverb which functions as a Conjunction with-in a Sentence — and is usually used to show:  Comparison, ContrastCause & Effect, Sequential Events, etc..  They are, normally, found in-between Independent Clauses.  —  Examples are:  “accordingly”, “besides”, “consequently”, “finally”, “further-more”, “however”, “more-over”, “never-the-less”, “there-fore”, etc..



  • Contraction — This Term refers-to the situation where-in a common Phrase is shortened by removing letters and combining the words with an apostrophe or by (improper) spelling.  Such as:  do not > “don’t”  —  “I will” > “I’ll”, or The Worst Mistake In The English Language:  It Is > It’s — This usually happens as a result of people “shortening” their speech.  Then as it becomes more common, an new word is developed.  Such as:  “Going to…” > “Gonna”  —  “Got to…” > “Gotta”


  • Coordinating Adjectives — A Coordinating Adjective is one which is composed-of two Adjectives describing the same thing, which are necessary as a pair, as — if one were eliminated, the meaning would change.  Coordinating Adjectives should always be joined-with a hyphen (even though many people do not…  this simply shows poor style and grammatical comprehension.)  Example:  “Well-Known”, “Very-Well”, etc..
  • Coordinating Conjunction — This is the most-common type of Conjunction, and is used to join similar things together.  The Most Common Example:  “And”


  • Correlative Conjunction — These Conjunctions also join things together, but act in pairs for the sake of comparison of things or ideas.  The used of one of the pairs with-out it’s complement may be common, but it represents poor style.  Examples:  “either”/”or”; “neither”/”nor”; “both”/”and”; “whether”/”or…”, “not”/“but”; and “not only…”/“but also…”



  • Cumulative Adjective — This is a type of Coordinating Adjective which must be made with the Adjectives in a specific order.  And where-in, if the order would change, it would either — not make-sense, or the meaning would change.  As in the terms “Compound-Complex Sentence as opposed to “Complex-Compound Sentence…  The first word always modifies the second.  This also applies to Adjectival-Phrases as-well.  So one who has recently discovered GiveMeSomeEnglish!!!, might refer to his previous teachers as…  “My intellectually-inadequate, former English teacher…”.  However, if the word-order were changed — it would not make any sense…  “My English intellectually-inadequate former teacher…”  This would imply that the “teacher” is from “England”, and is teaching the “intellectually-inadequate” style of something called “former” — rather than a “former” “teacher” of “English” who happened to be “intellectually-inadequate”.

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See Also:

The Letter C,c (The English Alphabet)


Letter C,c – Pronunciation Guide




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