The Various “Word-Classes” & “Parts-Of-Speech”
After One has learned the different Letters of the Grammar — covered in The Alphabet — then, the next logical step is the subject of Words. (And there certainly are a lot of them.) Further-more, as in any spoken & written Language, there are many different Types (or Kinds) of words. This is what is traditionally referred to by the terms, “Word-Classes” and/or “Parts-Of-Speech”.
What Is The Difference Between The Terms
“Word-Classes” & “Parts-Of-Speech”?
Most “academics” and “scholars” would probably say that there is no difference between the two; that they are simply different terms for the same thing. But unfortunately, those types of people (and those who listen to them) have been conditioned by the “rules” which they have learned — and like most modern “scientists”, are deathly afraid to (or un-able to) see things as the “Really Are”… even if their logical mind can comprehend it.
(That’s Exactly What I’m Doing… I’m Fixing ALL Of Grammar)
A “Word-Class” is exactly that… a “Class” of “Word”. It is a specific type or kind of word, which are all described below. Even though this term is used to also describe the “Phrases” that are made by the “Word-Classes” — this is obviously a mistake, because a Phrase is not a “Word”… A Phrase is “A Combination Of Words”. A “Part-Of-Speech” is exactly that… a “Part” of the “Speech” of a Language. This includes “Word-Classes” — but it also includes the “Phrases” made BY the combination of these words. And finally — the term “Part-Of-Speech” is an in-adequate term because “Speech” does not include the written form… (but then neither does the word “language”.) It is for the above reason(s) that, in The Common Tongue (created by Me) I use the term, “Grammatical Unit” in-place-of the term, “Part Of Speech”… Both Words & Phrases are Grammatical Units.
(We will examine “Grammatical Units” on a separate page.)
Moving On Then…
The number of different “Word-Classes” is debatable, and I do not wish to get into that debate. So I will just say that their are 8 + 2 different word classes. They are:
(in order of perceived “importance”)
- Nouns — (Simply put): These are Words that describe “Things” — either “Real” or “Imagined” (Conceived of in the mind: Ideas, Concepts, Subjects, Etc.).
- Determiners — (Simply put): These are Words which are added to Nouns, to make a Noun Phrase. Their function is to answer the question (about the noun) “Which one?”.
- Pronouns — (Simply put): These are Words which refer to another Noun, when a Determiner doesn’t necessarily work. Their function is to answer the question (about the noun) “Whose?” or “Who?”.
- Verbs — (Simply put): These are Words which describe Action or a State Of “Be”-ing (as opposed to a “Being”). The State Of “Be”-ing is OF the Noun. The Action could be OF the Noun, or TO the Noun.
- Adjectives — (Simply put): These are Words which describe the Quality of a Noun, or other Adjectives (when one simply isn’t enough to properly describe the “thing”). Nouns can also, sometimes, function as Adjectives.
- Adverbs — (Simply put): These are Words which further-describe the Verb. In-other-words — they describe HOW an Action was done, or the Purpose and/or Condition of the State Of “Be”-ing… They “Add” to the “Verbs“… (get it? 😉 )
- Prepositions — (Simply put): These are Words which either describe the Physical Location of some “thing”, or the “Location” in Time of some: Action, Event or Idea. They are the “Pre-” “Position” of the “thing” which is needed to-be-known before One can comprehend the nature of that “thing”, or the idea being expressed about it.
- Conjunctions — (Simply put): These are Words that Join-Together other Words & Phrases (Grammatical Units). They create “Junctions” for different ideas expressed in Sentences; They “Conjoin” them.
- Interjections — (Simply put): These are Words which Add-To, or “Interject” (a more formal way of saying “Interrupt”) some thought or idea into a situation. They are ways of Stating Commands or Emotionally Expressing Thoughts. They are not necessarily Phrases or Sentences (although a Phrase or Sentence can FUNCTION AS an Interjections), and usually do not require or invite any added discourse. But… (despite some debate)… they are very-much a
“Part-Of-Speech”“Grammatical Unit” and a “Word-Class”… regardless of whether-or-not they are considered as such by “academics” and “scholars”
- Numbers — (Simply put): These are Words (even in their symbol form) which Count Things. Their function is to answer the question, “How Much?” or “How Many?” — and there-fore, are very-much a
“Part of Speech”“Grammatical Unit” & “Word-Class”… regardless of whether or not they are considered as such by “academics” and “scholars”
Visit My Campaigns at:
Or Make A One-Time Donation