English Grammatical Terms
- Abbreviation – A shortened or contracted form of a Word or Phrase, used to represent the whole, by utilizing the omission of certain letters — and sometimes, by the substitution of Letters or duplication of the initial Letters of a Word in order to signify plurality. Abbreviations also including signs such as: +, =, @, and many many more. —
- Absolute Modifier – This is a Modifier which is non-gradable. There-fore, can not be further modified by words like: very, so, completely, etc..
- Absolute Phrase – Any Phrase which contains both a Noun and a Participle, and may also contain a Modifier and/or an Object. —
- Abstract Noun – A Noun representing an: Idea, a Quality, a State Of “Be”-ing (not a “being”), or The Subject Of An Action — rather-than a Concrete Object. —
- Academic Question — A question which is about Something In Particular, but Has No Practical Value other than To Test One’s Knowledge Of or About Some “Thing”… in-other-words — the type of questions that one would find on a test or in an academic exercise.
- Accent — The Word, “Accent” has a few meanings, in-relation-to Grammar & Language. It can refer to:
- 1) The particular “character” of a person’s speech, relative to the place or culture in-which the person was born or lives (the twang of a Texan)
- 2) A form of Punctuation used to change the sound of a Word — not typically used in “everyday” English, expect for in Phonetics; such-as those symbols that one can find in the Word-descriptions on The GiveMeSomeEnglish!!! — Pronunciation Portal)
- 3) as an-other way to refer-to the “Stress” on the pronunciation of a Word.
- Accented Syllable – A Syllable with-in a Word, which receives more Accent than the others.
- Acronym – A type of Abbreviation which is composed of the Capitalized first letters of a Phrase, Sentence, or multiple-Word name — (Such As: NASA)
- Action Verb – A Verb which represents an “Action” — rather-than a a State Of “Be”-ing. (See Also: Dynamic Verb)
- Active Voice – The form of the Verb used when the Subject of the Sentence or Phrase is the one “Doing The Action” or causing the situation.
- Adjectival Noun – A Noun which is made by adding the Definite Article in-front-of an Adjective to represent an entire group which possesses the quality of that Adjective (“The Perverted”, “The Morally Deranged”, “The Stunningly Beautiful”.)
- Adjective – In traditional English instruction, an Adjective is one of what are referred to as the “Parts Of Speech”, and — in The Common Tongue — it is referred to as a “Grammatical Unit”. This is a Word which Describes A Thing — to indicate the Qualitative and/or Quantitative Conditions of that thing. –
- Adjective Clause – A Clause in a Sentence which functions as an Adjective, used to modify the Noun or Noun Clause — (rather than a single Adjective.)
- Adverb – In traditional English instruction, an Adverb is one of what are referred to as the “Parts Of Speech”, and – in The Common Tongue – is referred to as a “Grammatical Unit”. This is a Word which “Adds” information to a “Verb” — to describe How The Action Of A Verb Was Done. They can also modify an Adjective or another Adverb.
- Affirmative – A Word, Phrase, or Sentence that states something which “is” or which expresses agreement in some way. (See Also: Negative)
- Affix – This is anything which is added to a Word which changes its form, meaning, condition, or tense — such as: Prefixes, Suffixes, and Plural, Past-Tense, or Continuous-Tense endings. – (-s, -ed, -ing)
- Agent – The “person” or “thing” in an Active Sentence who is Doing The Action or Causing It To Happen.
- Agreement – This is the Term for when The Grammatical Units of a Sentence, Clause, or Phrase, are in the correct form to be in proper relation with each other — in-order-to function properly as a Grammatical Structure. And in the Language of traditional English instruction — when the Word forms are Grammatically-correct for whatever Tense they are in. For example — if the Adjective indicates more than one of the Nouns which it is modifying, then the Noun must be in its Plural form for there to be “Agreement”.
- Allomorph – [linguistics] A variant form of a morpheme — a unit of a Word which can change in sound but retains the same meaning — (such as the -ed ending)
- Allophone – [phonology] One of multiple possible sounds for an individual phoneme (or Letter.)
- Alphabet – A system/set of picto-graphic symbols ( called, “Letters”) which represent one or multiple sounds for that symbol.
- Ambi-Transitive Verb – This is the Term for Verbs which can be both Transitive AND Intransitive, without changing their form.
- Animate Noun – This is the Term for the type of Noun which is referring to any form of living Being — rather-than a Noun referring to an “inanimate” – non-living Noun.
- Antecedent – The Word for-which a Pronoun represents.
- Apostrophe – An Apostrophe is a form of Punctuation which is used to Contract Words, or to show possession. It is also used as a way of adding quotation marks which are with-in a larger quotation. In the Word, “It’s” the Apostrophe is in-between the “t” and the “s”.
- Appositive Statement – A statement added to a Sentence — usually off-set by Commas — which adds more information about a Subject or an Object — but which is not-necessary for the completion of the sentence.
- Article – The three Adjectives: A, An, & The — which are added to a Noun, to make it “Definite” or “Indefinite”.
- Auxiliary Verb – A Verb which is added as an “auxiliary” to an-other Verb, in-order-to form the Tense or Condition of the Sentence.
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